Exact results for fixation probability of bithermal evolutionary graphs

Bahram Houchmandzadeh (LIPhy), Marcel Vallade (LIPhy)

(Submitted on 12 Nov 2012)

One of the most fundamental concepts of evolutionary dynamics is the “fixation” probability, i.e. the probability that a mutant spreads through the whole population. Most natural communities are geographically structured into habitats exchanging individuals among each other and can be modeled by an evolutionary graph (EG), where directed links weight the probability for the offspring of one individual to replace another individual in the community. Very few exact analytical results are known for EGs. We show here how by using the techniques of the fixed point of Probability Generating Function, we can uncover a large class of of graphs, which we term bithermal, for which the exact fixation probability can be simply computed.