Dualities in population genetics: a fresh look with new dualities
Gioia Carinci, Cristian Giardina’, Claudio Giberti, Frank Redig
(Submitted on 13 Feb 2013)
We apply our general method of duality, introduced in [Giardina’, Kurchan, Redig, J. Math. Phys. 48, 033301 (2007)], to models of population dynamics. The classical dualities between forward and ancestral processes can be viewed as a change of representation in the classical creation and annihilation operators, both for diffusions dual to coalescents of Kingman’s type, as well as for models with finite population size. Next, using SU(1,1) raising and lowering operators, we find new dualities between the Wright-Fisher diffusion with $d$ types and the Moran model, both in presence and absence of mutations. These new dualities relates two forward evolutions. From our general scheme we also identify self-duality of the Moran model.