The equilibrium allele frequency distribution for a population with reproductive skew
Ricky Der, Joshua B. Plotkin
(Submitted on 20 Jun 2013)
We study the population genetics of two neutral alleles under reversible mutation in the \Lambda-processes, a population model that features a skewed offspring distribution. We describe the shape of the equilibrium allele frequency distribution as a function of the model parameters. We show that the mutation rates can be uniquely identified from the equilibrium distribution, but that the form of the offspring distribution itself cannot be uniquely identified. We also introduce an infinite-sites version of the \Lambda-process, and we use it to study how reproductive skew influences standing genetic diversity in a population. We derive asymptotic formulae for the expected number of segregating sizes as a function of sample size. We find that the Wright-Fisher model minimizes the equilibrium genetic diversity, for a given mutation rate and variance effective population size, compared to all other \Lambda-processes.