Epidemic reconstruction in a phylogenetics framework: transmission trees as partitions

Epidemic reconstruction in a phylogenetics framework: transmission trees as partitions

Matthew Hall, Andrew Rambaut
(Submitted on 2 Jun 2014)

The reconstruction of transmission trees for epidemics from genetic data has been the subject of some recent interest. It has been demonstrated that the transmission tree structure can be investigated by augmenting internal nodes of a phylogenetic tree constructed using pathogen sequences from the epidemic with information about the host that held the corresponding lineage. In this paper, we note that this augmentation is equivalent to a correspondence between transmission trees and partitions of the phylogenetic tree into connected subtrees each containing one tip, and provide a framework for Markov Chain Monte Carlo inference of phylogenies that are partitioned in this way, giving a new method to co-estimate both trees. The procedure is integrated in the existing phylogenetic inference package BEAST.

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