Efficient recycled algorithms for quantitative trait models on phylogenies
Gordon Hiscott, Colin Fox, Matthew Parry, David Bryant
(Submitted on 2 Dec 2015)
We present an efficient and flexible method for computing likelihoods of phenotypic traits on a phylogeny. The method does not resort to Monte-Carlo computation but instead blends Felsenstein’s discrete character pruning algorithm with methods for numerical quadrature. It is not limited to Gaussian models and adapts readily to model uncertainty in the observed trait values. We demonstrate the framework by developing efficient algorithms for likelihood calculation and ancestral state reconstruction under Wright’s threshold model, applying our methods to a dataset of trait data for extrafloral nectaries (EFNs) across a phylogeny of 839 Labales species.