Finite populations with frequency-dependent selection: a genealogical approach

Peter Pfaffelhuber, Benedikt Vogt

(Submitted on 28 Jul 2012)

Evolutionary models for populations of constant size are frequently studied using the Moran model, the Wright-Fisher model, or their diffusion limits. When evolution is neutral, a random genealogy given through Kingman’s coalescent is used in order to understand basic properties of such models. Here, we address the use of a genealogical perspective for models with weak frequency-dependent selection, i.e. N s =: {\alpha} is small, and s is the fitness advantage of a fit individual and N is the population size. When computing fixation probabilities, this leads either to the approach proposed by Rousset (2003), who argues how to use the Kingman’s coalescent for weak selection, or to extensions of the ancestral selection graph of Neuhauser and Krone (1997) and Neuhauser (1999). As an application, we re-derive the one-third law of evolutionary game theory (Nowak et al., 2004). In addition, we provide the approximate distribution of the genealogical distance of two randomly sampled individuals under linear frequency-dependence.